On 11 March 2011, five members of a settler family, including three children, were murdered in the Israeli settlement of Itamar in the West Bank. This appalling crime led to an investigation by the Israeli military in the nearby Palestinian village of ‘Awarta (Nablus Governorate). The incident was followed by incitement and exploitation at a ministerial level as Israeli leaders hastily condemned Palestinian involvement and attempted to use the crime as a pretext for further construction of illegal settlements. The incident also led to an escalation in settler violence throughout the West Bank. Many of the measures carried out in ‘Awarta in support of the Israeli investigation for suspects to the killing in Itamar, violated Israel’s obligations under international humanitarian and human rights law and must be considered within the context of Israel’s policing and law enforcement powers in occupied territory. This paper examines the measures taken by the Israeli army in ‘Awarta under international humanitarian and human rights law, on the basis of the documentation collected by Al-Haq’s field researchers.
When Israel’s construction of the Annexation Wall (the Wall) began in 2002, it quickly became apparent that the planned route did not follow the 1967 ‘Green Line’, and that its purpose was to illegally annex areas of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. The International Court of Justice confirmed the illegality of this policy in 2004. This report seeks to highlight the various factors that are currently inducing some Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem to move to areas on the eastern side of the Wall. It will further outline the potential risks that these residents face with respect to unilateral changes Israel may make to the municipal boundaries of East Jerusalem.
The continuing Israeli occupation significantly impedes education in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT). As noted by the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education: “military occupations are another appreciable curb on the human right to education, the most egregious example being the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.” There is substantial evidence that Israel is failing in its duties under international human rights and humanitarian law with regard to education. UNICEF has reported that 144 schools in the OPT were disrupted during the 2005/2006 highlighting academic year as a result of Israeli military activities, resulting in the disturbance of schooling for 64,712 students and 2,470 teachers. Research conducted in 2004 revealed that 226,000 children in 580 schools found going to school “impossible, irregular or very risky.”
On 25 February 2004, Israeli police, Internal Security Agency (Shabak) officers and Border Police raided branches of the Jordan-based Arab Bank and the Cairo Amman Bank in the West Bank town of Ramallah, seizing in cash from the bank vaults more than NIS 35 million (the equivalent of US$ 7 million). The sum corresponded to the amount of money held in over 200 accounts belonging to individuals, charities and non-governmental organisations. This report analyses the bank raid in light of international law, as well as bilateral agreements between Israel and Palestine.
This In Focus brief, drafted as part of Al-Haq's campaign to stop collective punishment against Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT), addresses the impact of movement restrictions on Palestinians' lives. It gives an overview of Israeli practices in the OPT; international legal standards relating to freedom of movement; and relevant Israeli jurisprudence.
This In Focus brief, drafted as part of Al-Haq's campaign to stop collective punishment against Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT), addresses the impact of movement restrictions on Palestinians' right to health. It gives an overview of Israeli practices in the OPT; international legal standards relating to freedom of movement and the right to health; and relevant Israeli jurisprudence.
This report focuses on the human rights violations carried out by Israeli occupying forces against Palestinians’ right to education during al-Aqsa Intifada. Access to education is a fundamental human right which should be safeguarded by all states. This right is clearly laid out inthe Fourth Geneva Convention and the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. This study presents evidence and a legal analysis of Israeli policies and actions that have disrupted the education of Palestinian students of all ages.
The first intifada brought the question of disability to the fore, and Palestinians with disabilities have mobilised with a view to demanding their rights. This report examines definitions of disability; international standards relating thereto; the right of those under occupation to adequate health care; domestic laws which affect Palestinians with disabilities; and areas for potential legislation for Palestinians with disabilities in a future state.
This case study provides a detailed legal analysis of Israel's 1984 road plan. It outlines the plan's framework, explicates the Israeli High Court of Justice ruling on the plan, and assesses the plan's legality in local and international context. Official data and maps substantiate the road plan's detrimental implications on Palestinian livelihood, including agriculture and irrigation systems.