August 26, 2015 marked the first anniversary of Israel's offensive on the Gaza Strip, during which 2,219 Palestinians were killed. However, a large part of the story is left untold. Over half of those killed were refugees who were displaced from their homes in Yafa, Salama, Isdud, and many other villages and towns, as a result of and following the Nakba in 1948. The majority of those killed lived in refugee camps in the Gaza Strip within a 30 mile (50 km) radius of their homes of origin. A total of 1,236 refugees were killed during the 2014 offensive, including at least 309 children.
This infographic visually represents the untold story of Gaza's refugees. Created by Visualizing Palestine in collaboration with four Palestinian human rights organizations, Al-Haq, the Al Mezan Centre for Human Rights, the Palestine Centre for Human Rights, and Al-Dameer Association for Human Rights, who launched a joint campaign to document Israel's attacks during the 2014 offensive against the Gaza Strip.
For Palestinian refugees, the Nakba did not end in 1948, as they have experienced a continued denial of justice. There are 1.3 million refugees residing in Gaza who are spread over eight refugee camps, making up almost three quarters of the total population of the Gaza Stip. Refugees residing in Gaza have faced multiple consequent internal displacements due to Israeli policies, including Israel's three military offensives against Gaza over the last six years. Israel's deadly military operations, as well as its eight-year closure of Gaza have had devastating effects on the entire population in Gaza. While all Palestinians in Gaza endure harsh living conditions, including irregular electricity and water supplies, these issues are even more acute in the refugee camps.
Since the Nakba in 1948, there has been no true accountability for the myriad of human rights abuses, some of which may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity, committed by Israel. The denial of justice that refugees have experienced can only be remedied in one way: for refugees to exercise their right of return. The right of return is clearly provided for under international law, and is a necessary component of the Palestinians people's inalienable right to self-determination. The international community must take action to ensure that these and other rights of Palestinians are realized and that justice is upheld.
The data compiled and research method used for the creation of this infographic are available here for review.